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Place: Belluno

The project was born from the study of the relationship between man and territory, based on the principles of sustainability, sobriety and prefabrication. For its function, the bivouac must have an essential and sober structure, with an idea of comfort different from the one we are used to, functional and economic, which leads architecture to investigate the limits of human settlement at high altitude and spaces. essentials of living.

The commitment was aimed at designing a single volume that contained within all the functions necessary for a correct use of the bivouac, such as shelter, shelter, rest, refreshment, goal, or starting point.

The new bivouac must be an envelope organically capable of minimizing the aggressions of the wind, containing, if not canceling, the sharp edges, avoiding contact with the cold and wet ground, the initial idea was therefore to rise from altitude. 2.40 m in the countryside to ensure usability even in the coldest months.

The exterior takes shape from the idea of an aerodynamic structure, the interior is organized in such a way as to contain integrated the main functions to which the project must respond. The primitive image is that of a small volume raised from the ground, with openings that direct the gaze towards enchanting views, allowing you to live unforgettable sensory experiences.

Furthermore, one of the main objectives was to create an easy-to-assemble volume, modular so that each element can be transported by helicopter.

The construction involves the construction of 2 reinforced concrete bases, to which the load-bearing structure is anchored, consisting of 2 curved beams in laminated fir wood, made to measure, of which the splitting of the section is exploited to insert the appropriate metal connections. The beams are made up of 2 elements with a 12x28 cm section and to these are fixed self-supporting sandwich panels in wood and natural fiber insulation 14 cm thick, followed by an insulating layer of Kenaf fiber with a thickness of 7 cm. The final covering consists of a sheet of metal with relative waterproofing and connection elements; the latter will be characterized by a minimum sheen to ensure its visibility and will take on a greenish color, to recall the colors of nature. The project was designed to be reversible and easily disassembled and reassembled elsewhere at any time. Once the materials have been transported by helicopter, the assembly phases are expected to be carried out on site; the material transport phase includes a total of 24 helicopter trips.

Analyzing the actions of living in high altitude environments, in situations where sobriety and responsibility of behavior is required both towards the natural environment and towards the people with whom some spaces must be shared, the project is attentive to the relationship between interior and exterior, the flexibility of the environments and the choice of materials.

The bivouac is thus designed to allow the stay of eleven people at the same time.

The entrance to the bivouac is allowed thanks to a ladder, which leads inside through a wooden door. Inside, in addition to the 11 berths, there is also a dining area with a table and related seats, a cooking area with a special emergency pantry, a pot and an electric hob, and a series of storage spaces: a wardrobe with compartment for skis and snowshoes, drawers under the beds where blankets will be available, and a special compartment to place a first aid kit and a fire extinguisher. The room used as a toilet is equipped with a dry toilet and a water point, connected to a rainwater storage tank. Thanks to the sloping roof, the water is conveyed by gravity, through channels, to a portion of the perforated surface of the roof, to then be channeled into an accumulation tank located in the technical compartment, which is located in the false ceiling compartment above the toilet. .

It is planned to integrate a solar thermal system into the roof, positioned solidly with the internal surface, so as to be totally protected from external agents and completely invisible. The roof is equipped with a system of copper pipes under the mantle, crossed by a heat transfer liquid to capture the solar heat.

The supply of electricity will be provided by a photovoltaic system in amorphous silicon, integrated in the part of the roof facing south. LED, and the operation of a camera. Direct natural aero-lighting is guaranteed by a large opening window, which looks towards the valley to the south. In addition, night ventilation is obtained through air inlet and expulsion vents.

The project as a whole represents a minimal dismountable nomadic architecture, which seeks to combine resilience, lightness and maximum energy efficiency even in critical climatic conditions. The architectural and design solution fits into the context, ensuring the lowest environmental impact with the use of natural materials and the use of renewable energy sources for an eco-sustainable project.

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