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Location: San Giuliano Terme, Pisa

The location of this cinema is foreseen in the Municipality of San Giuliano Terme, on the outskirts of Pisa, along a provincial road crossed by an urban bus line of the same city of Pisa: we are therefore in those suburban agricultural areas, which suffer the settlement and building pressure of the neighboring capital and identify new uses for their territory. The area is very interesting from an environmental point of view, with a view of Monte Pisano to the east and the Piazza dei Miracoli in Pisa to the south.

The building foresees a volume of 37,500 cubic meters: 25,000 intended for projection rooms, while the rest of the volume houses an entrance hall with bar, refreshment and play area services. The covered area is 4,400 square meters with a maximum height of 12 meters. The multiplex cinema offers 8 rooms for about 1500 seats and its realization was subordinated by the Territorial Governance Plan to the drafting of a Detailed Plan of private initiative.

The UTOE (Elementary Organic Territorial Unit) on which it stands is completely devoid of primary urbanization, moreover it is subject to the Serchio River Basin Authority and being at medium risk of flooding requires the preparation of plans to safeguard and secure the building works. Finally, it should be noted that a building of this size, open to the public, requires a carefully sized and organized parking area. Green, public and private, to be treated as an integral part of the project, is finally another resolved item.

The Detailed Plan also provides for the construction of the access roads to the area with the related underground services and the reconnection to the existing infrastructural network.

It highlights the fact that the intervention, which involves about two hectares of land, must comply with sustainability criteria due to its composition.

The architecture was conceived with the aim of optimizing the functional and distribution spaces of operators and users, keeping the relative flows separate. The entire structure was conceived in assembled blocks to reduce the visual impact of the entire volume on the environment. The structure is made of prestressed reinforced concrete with infill panels finished in exposed brick, as well as a part to be built on site. The foundation is stalls with wells cast on site to house the prefabricated pillars.

The final architectural version treated the access elevation with a transparent facade showing the internal vertical connections and the vertical partition of the building access volumes; frontal propylaea link the façade to the system of galleries on the high-altitude exits from the projection rooms. The final solution saw the convergence of the different regulatory needs and their complex coexistence.

The technical and technological aspect obviously required a lot of application. Only a few items are highlighted:

1. The active and passive fire-fighting apparatus, which also involved the choice of materials and interior furnishings.

2. The safety measures in reference to possible two-hundred-year flooding of the Serchio River, with the dimensioning of a flooding basin, next to a rolling basin for the collection of rainwater.

3. The care of the acoustics of the projection rooms and the study of the visibility of the screens.

Finally, the project was suitable for the interior architecture studio, having to manage environments with different intended uses, and for the application of energy production from renewable sources.

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